ICMPv6 PTBs and IPv6 frag filtering (particularly at BGP peers)
Im curious about whether folks are filtering ICMPv6 PTB<1280
and/or IPv6 fragments targeted to BGP routers (off-list datapoints are
In any case, you mind find it worth reading to check if youre affected
(from Section 2 of recently-published RFC8021):
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The security implications of IP fragmentation have been discussed at
length in [RFC6274] and [RFC7739]. An attacker can leverage the
generation of IPv6 atomic fragments to trigger the use of
fragmentation in an arbitrary IPv6 flow (in scenarios in which actual
fragmentation of packets is not needed) and can subsequently perform
any type of fragmentation-based attack against legacy IPv6 nodes that
do not implement [RFC6946]. That is, employing fragmentation where
not actually needed allows for fragmentation-based attack vectors to
be employed, unnecessarily.
We note that, unfortunately, even nodes that already implement
[RFC6946] can be subject to DoS attacks as a result of the generation
of IPv6 atomic fragments. Let us assume that Host A is communicating
with Host B and that, as a result of the widespread dropping of IPv6
packets that contain extension headers (including fragmentation)
[RFC7872], some intermediate node filters fragments between Host B
and Host A. If an attacker sends a forged ICMPv6 PTB error message
to Host B, reporting an MTU smaller than 1280, this will trigger the
generation of IPv6 atomic fragments from that moment on (as required
by [RFC2460]). When Host B starts sending IPv6 atomic fragments (in
response to the received ICMPv6 PTB error message), these packets
will be dropped, since we previously noted that IPv6 packets with
extension headers were being dropped between Host B and Host A.
Thus, this situation will result in a DoS scenario.
Another possible scenario is that in which two BGP peers are
employing IPv6 transport and they implement Access Control Lists
(ACLs) to drop IPv6 fragments (to avoid control-plane attacks). If
the aforementioned BGP peers drop IPv6 fragments but still honor
received ICMPv6 PTB error messages, an attacker could easily attack
the corresponding peering session by simply sending an ICMPv6 PTB
message with a reported MTU smaller than 1280 bytes. Once the attack
packet has been sent, the aforementioned routers will themselves be
the ones dropping their own traffic.
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Is this something waiting to be exploited? Am I missing something?
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